|Title||HEALTH STATUS OF PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN OF RURAL AREA (SPECIAL REFERENCE OF VILLAGE-TUTA, RAIPUR, CHHATTISGARH)|
Shailendra Kumar & Mitashree Mitra
Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Chhattisgarh, INDIA
The health of women is central to the successful social and economic development by the family and community. It determines the well being of the mother on the fetus the infant and the child and in turns the next generation’s mother. The individuals health and nutrition result on the body provide the substrate for the physiological system that permit normal health and successful reproduction poor maternal health status impede normal fetus growth and development and limit the physical mental and social functions that are critical to reproduction and mother hood. The present study was taken in the village TUTA of Abhanpur block belonging to Raipur district. It is a nearly village having a distance of 16 km. from the capital Raipur. The present study comprises the lactating & pregnant women of Tuta village to assess their health status. During the present investigation total 12 pregnant & 58 lactating women were studied. Eight anthropometric measures, hemoglobin test and blood pressure of were measured. In the present study the nutritional indices used for grading of health status of the pregnant and lactating women as suggested by Rao and Singh’s (1970), Body mass index (BMI), Rohrer’s index and Gomeg index. Some are age dependent some are age independent indices. Among pregnant women there is significant positive correlation between BMI and Calorie needs (0.82) and BMI and Total family members (0.64). However, total no. of children and age at marriage are not shown any significant correlation with BMI. Among lactating women there is significant positive correlation was found between BMI and Age at marriage (0.60). The present study will provide the substrate for the physiological system that permits normal health and successful reproduction. Poor maternal health status impedes normal fetus growth and development and limits the physical mental and social functions that are critical to reproduction and mother hood.